In 1236 in Saxony a document was discovered which describes the roads from Stade to Rome crossing Forlì, San Martino in Strada, Meldola, Civitella, Bagno di Romagna, Campi di Bibbiena, Subbiano and others.
The document, a fragment of the Annales Stadenses, was written by the Abbot Alberto, a Franciscan friar from the Convent of Santa Maria di Stade, in the form of a conversation between two pilgrims monks, Tirri and Firri, in order to describe not only the itineraries but to inform about places, distances, the state of the roads and anything useful to the traveler.
The main route described in the Annales is the “Via Major”, whose ancient track is partly lost, known along the centuries as Via Romea di Stade, or Via Teutonica, because it was covered by the Teutonic Knights, the Germans, the Hungarians and even by kings, emperors and popes. After crossing the village of Montefiascone in the Lazio region, the Via Teutonica reaches the Francigena, and continues to the Capital of Christianity.
Scholar traced a route as similar as possible to the ancient one according to the pattern of the via Francigena.
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