Acronym for the Universal Roman Exposition, the EUR is a completely new district, conceived in the architecture of the 1920s, and created precisely in view of the new vision of the imagined world.
In reality, The Universal Exposition never took place, due to the outbreak of the Second World War. Although the ambitious project was completed for 1945, the debate on that idea of the city – of which the architect Marcello Piacentini was a great interpreter and mediator – is still open. An ideal city, designed with a ruler and compass, ordered and rational, strictly geometric and unambiguous.
The EUR is amazing, visually and psychologically striking. It traces millennia of history and simultaneously invents a new and original millennium. Losing oneself in its immense impeccably proportioned spaces can have a price for the unilluminated visitor. Everything seems close, but one never arrives.
Many of the buildings are exceptionally refined, elegant, and beautiful symbolic landmarks: the Palazzo delle Civiltà Italiana (Italian Civilization Building) with its sequence of arches (in Rome known as the square Colosseum) and opposite to it on a broad perspective background, the conference hall Palazzo dei Congressi by Adalberto Libera, the Palazzo degli Uffici, the Museums (the Museum of Roman civilization, the National Museum of the Middle ages, the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions and the Luigi Pigorini National Ethnographic Prehistoric Museum, besides a new Planetarium with an Astronomy Museum, opened in 2004), the Central State Archive, the INAIL and INPS buildings, the piazza and buildings of the armed forces, the Basilica of Santi Pietri e Paolo and many others.
A metaphysical and physical, ideal and real city, culminating in an artificial lake surrounded by greenery and inspired by the great villas of the classical era. A district that remains poised between concept and reality.