It is a historical residence with the largest landscaped public park of Rome. A real paradise for those who love outdoor sports, who meet here to go jogging along the many pathways or do physical exercises in the dedicated areas.
Once farmland belonging to the Doria Pamphilj family, the expansive green area consisting of nearly 2 square kilometres comprises stunning Italian-style gardens and many fountains and drinking fountains. There are brooks and even a lake, where a variety of birds and turtles find shelter.
The City of Rome bought the property from the Doria Pamphilj family in two different periods, the first in the mid-1950s and the second in the early 1970s.
It is interesting to see how the natural environment of the park has not changed a great deal from when it was the country estate of the noble Dora Pamphilj family.
The property consists of three distinct parts. The Casino dell’Algardi, housing the liaison offices of the Italian Prime Minister, and the Renaissance-style gardens; the pine woods; and the actual farm estate, for an overall 180 hectares.
During Italy’s Risorgimento and the period of the Roman Republic, the park was the theatre of violent battles fought to defend Rome. The conflict involved this entire area of the city, up to the Gianicolo hill.